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About UAE
 
About UAE

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was formed on 2nd December 1971 as a 6 member independent state, with the unification of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain and Ajman, with Ras Al Khaimah joining in 1972 to complete the 7 emirate country. The UAE is located on the eastern side of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered to the south and west by Saudi Arabia and to the east by the Sultanate of Oman. The geographic coordinates of the country are 24˚ 00 North 54˚ 00 East. The country has coastline on both the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

 

Five of the seven emirates are on the west coast, Fujairah is the only emirate entirely on the east coast and Sharjah is the only emirate with territory on both coasts. The Al Hajar Mountains form a backbone running from the Mussandam Peninsular down through the UAE and into Oman, and rise to over 1,500 meters.

The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region. For more than three decades, oil and global finance drove the UAE's economy.

Currency Evolution

The official currency of the UAE, the dirham, was issued on May 19, 1973. Indian rupees were circulated in the Gulf countries until April 28, 1959, when the Gulf rupee, issued by the Reserve Bank of India, was created for use in the Gulf countries instead of the Indian currency.

The Trucial States of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al Khaimah, Fujairah, Ajman and Umm Al Quwain began using the Bahraini dinar in June 1966. In September 1966, all the Trucial States except Abu Dhabi adopted the Qatar-Dubai riyal as their medium of exchange. Abu Dhabi continuted to use the Bahraini dinar until December 2, 1971 when the UAE dirham replaced the Qatar-Dubai riyal at par.

 

Climate of Dubai

 

Dubai has a hot arid climate. Summers in Dubai are hot and dry, with an average high around 42 °C (108 °F) and overnight lows around 29 °C (84 °F). Most days are sunny throughout the year. Winters are warm with an average high of 23 °C (73 °F) and overnight lows of 14 °C (57 °F). Precipitation, however, has been increasing in the last few decades with accumulated rain reaching 250 mm (9.84 in) per year. Dubai summers are also known for the high humidity level.

 

Climate data for Dubai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
41
(106)
41
(106)
45
(113)
45
(113)
47
(117)
48
(118)
43
(109)
40
(104)
41
(106)
31
(88)
48
(118)
Average high °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.2
(82.8)
32.9
(91.2)
37.6
(99.7)
39.5
(103.1)
40.8
(105.4)
41.3
(106.3)
38.9
(102.0)
35.4
(95.7)
30.5
(86.9)
26.2
(79.2)
33.4
(92.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19
(66)
20
(68)
22.5
(72.5)
26
(79)
30.5
(86.9)
33
(91)
34.5
(94.1)
35.5
(95.9)
32.5
(90.5)
29
(84)
24.5
(76.1)
21
(70)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
20.8
(69.4)
24.6
(76.3)
27.2
(81.0)
29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
27.5
(81.5)
23.9
(75.0)
19.9
(67.8)
16.3
(61.3)
22.3
(72.1)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
7
(45)
11
(52)
8
(46)
17
(63)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
22
(72)
16
(61)
13
(55)
10
(50)
7
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15.6
(0.614)
25.0
(0.984)
21.0
(0.827)
7.0
(0.276)
0.4
(0.016)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(0.031)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.2
(0.047)
2.7
(0.106)
14.9
(0.587)
88.6
(3.488)
Avg. precipitation days 5 7 6 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 5 28
Source no. 1: Dubai Meteorological Office
Source no. 2: Qwikcast

 

History of Dubai

 

Dubai’s more-recent history has been founded on its pearl diving, gold trading and economic importance mainly due to its strategic geographical location, situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean with its sea and air links to countries in the Gulf region, Africa and the Far East.

In 1833, the Bani Yas tribal family moved into Dubai headed by Sheikh Maktoum bin Butti, who became the founder of the Al Maktoum family that still rule the Emirate of Dubai. In 1892 Sheikh Maktoum launched a formal trading agreement with the British government and as a result of that agreement permitted a full tax exemption to all foreign traders, which continues to this day.

As a result of being duty free the re-export business, whereby cheap goods could be imported into a duty free port and immediately exported to another market, mainly in Europe, accelerated. In 1912, Sheikh Rashid, often referred to as the father of Dubai, was born. He was the first ruler to visualise the trade potential that Dubai had to offer and was responsible for ordering firstly, the development of Port Rashid to handle shipping imports and re-exports and also further development of the shipping trade, most notably in gold. The commercial enterprise continued and Sheikh Rashid was also responsible for ordering the dredging of Jebel Ali Port, which is now the largest deep-water port in the world today.

Sheikh Rashid had a special relationship with the British and was said to enjoy a close friendship with Queen Elizabeth II. His sons all completed their education at Sandhurst and it is perhaps not surprising that the affable relationship between the two countries continues to this day. Sheikh Rashid died in 1990 but his legacy continues through his sons.

The British had already decided to leave the region to the east of the Suez Canal and after oil was discovered in the Gulf countries in 1966, the United Arab Emirates were formally established on 2nd December 1971.

After the death of Sheikh Rashid, the mantle passed firstly to his son Sheikh Maktoum and in January 2006 following his death, to the current ruler, Sheikh Mohammed. Dubai continues its vigorous development and construction continues. It is perhaps easy to forget that Dubai is a very new city.

 

UAE Flag

 

The flag of the United Arab Emirates was adopted on December 2, 1971. It contains the Pan-Arab colors red, green, white and black, which symbolize Arabian unity.

In addition the individual colours have the following meanings:

  • Green: Faith
  • White: Peace
  • Black: Land
  • Red: Courage
 
 
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